Do not translate text that appears unreliable or low-quality. Vedai Era: 2000 BC - 850 BC The flag of Mohammad Khan Qajar was red with a gold lion and sun inside of a pale yellow circle. Categories: The Iranian flag (which was later designed under Darius I the Great) symbolised this unity and victory (green above white and red) as the flag of the people of Iran. Modern Anahita and Mitra Banner Legendary Banner of Kaveh was the Official Sassanid Coat of Honor. This is a Darius Style Lion which had appeared in the Persian Architecture and stone carving starting from the time of Darius the Great (522 BC - 486 BC). This flag became the standard state flag of the Achaemenid Empire. The flag of Iran (Persian: پرچم ایران, romanized: parčam-e Irân, pronounced [pʰæɾˌtʃʰæme ʔiːˈɾɒːn]), also known as the Three-Coloured Flag (پرچم سه رنگ ایران, parčam-e se rang Irân [pʰæɾˌtʃʰæme se ræŋ ʔiːˈɾɒːn]), is a tricolour comprising equal horizontal bands of green, white and red with the national emblem ("Allah") in red centred on the white band and the takbir written 11 times in the Kufic script in white, at the bottom of the green and the top of the red band. Faravahar Top Derafsh Kaviani Gold, Purple and Red Colors were original Iranic Colors going back way before the Derafsh Kaviani Symbol. Chapter 5: Pahlavi Imperial Courthouse Flags [need quotation to verify], Physical requirements for the Iranian flag, a simple construction sheet, and a compass-and-straightedge construction for the emblem and the takbir are described in the national Iranian standard ISIRI 1. The logic is that any civilization, which existed in the boundaries of the present Iran, is considered to be Iranian; therefore, Iran has 8000 years of history, the oldest civilization on Earth. Empire of Alexander the Great : 312 BC - 163 BC : Persia. Shah Ismail I (1501 AD – 1524 AD) was the reviver of the Persian Empire. Chapter 8: Imperial Iranian Army (IIA) and Imperial Armed Forces (IAF) Flags Colorful Spectrum Faravahar. The appearance of the flag reminds of the oldest “flag” ever found and shows a Shahbaz (royal falcon), a fable bird and god who helped the Iranians. Legend tells us that a myth was formed in where the mythical Kaveh Ahangar (Persian Freedom Fighter) had raised this Derafsh against the oppression of Zahak (Arab Occupational Ruler). Xenophon in Cyropaedia (7.1.4) describes the standard of Artaxerxes II at Cunaxa as "a golden eagle, with outspread wings, borne aloft on a long spear-shaft", the same banner recorded to be used by Cyrus the Great. Cyrus (Keveh) revolted against the oppression of Astiyak (Zahak) and ended the Median Kingdom’s reign by starting the Persian Empire. The Achaemenid rulers after Cyrus were Cambyses II, the impostor Smerdis, Darius I, Xerxes I, Artaxerxes I, Xerxes II, Sogdianus, Darius II, Artaxerxes II (opposed by Cyrus the Younger), Artaxerxes III, Arses, and Darius III. Currently, the Lion and Sun flag is used by Iranian communities in exile as a symbol of opposition to the Islamic Republic, similar to how most Vietnamese expatriates' use of the South Vietnamese flag. The dynasty drew its name from Achaemenes, who, from 705-675 BCE, ruled Persis, which was land bounded on the west by the Tigris River and on the south by the Persian Gulf. The Achaemenid Empire, an aa cried the First Persie Empire, wis an empire based in Wastren Asie, foondit bi Cyrus the Great, notable for embracin various ceevilisations an acomin the lairgest empire o the auncient history, spannin at its maximum extent frae the Balkans an Eastren Europe proper in the wast, tae the Indus Valley in the east. This emblem is somewhat similar to the Khanda but has no relation to Sikhism and its meaning to that religious community. They are known to have displayed a number of heraldic emblems that harked back to pre-Islamic Iran, including the Sun and Lion motif, as well as the Griffin motif. Faravahar is holding The Ring of Power, which was granted to the Persian Emperors to govern the Aryan Lands. Chapter 1: Iran Pre Islamic Historical Flags and Emblems, Chapters Index, Introduction The Achaemenid Persian Empire, or the first Persian empire, was founded in 550 BCE by Cyrus the Great. , Under Nasser al-Din Shah, the principal flag was white with a green border on three sides and a lion and emblem in the centre. _____________ The flag was larger than the original Derafsh Kaviani apron and suspended from a lance, the point of which appeared above it. Pars is also the Persian term for Iran. Pan Iranists all around the globe believe that it is crucial for the survival of the Iranian people to create a “Persian Union” and to once more, unite all Iranian territories including: Tajikistan, Afghanistan, Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan, A Small Part of Russia (Ossetia), Georgia, Armenia, Azerbaijan, Parts of Iraq including Kurdistan and more, Bahrain, Part of Pakistan (Baluchistan), and Iran. Shushinak started the Kingdom of Iran. Islamic Republican flag flown at Abshar Park. Achaemenid Empire . Chapter 2 Iran’s Post Islamic Historical Flags and Emblems * Saffarid Dynasty * Qaznavid Dynasty * Safavid Dynasty * Afsharid Dynasty * Zand Dynasty. For more information about the 8000 years of the Iranian history read: Monarchs and Dynasties of Iran throughout the 8000 years of history, Pictorial History of Iranian Military Uniforms, Susa (Shush) Persian City State (6000 BC - 3750 BC) It is also called the Achaemenid Empire. Chapter 3 Iran's Qajar Imperial Courthouse and National Flags * Meaning of the Tricolor Flag * Meaning of the Lion, Sun and Sword Achaemenid Dynasty: 559 BC – 330 BC Ancient Civilizations Era: 6000 BC - 2000 BC The bow used by the archers of the Achaemenid Empire is known as the composite bow. Chapter 6: Imperial Iranian Air Force (IIAF) Flags and Insignias This symbolises the calls of Allahu Akbar on the night of 22 Bahman (11 February 1979) when the national radio of Iran broadcast: "From Tehran, the voice of the Islamic Republic of Iran" and marked the unofficial beginning of the Islamic Republic (with the official day being 2 May). Various emblems and banners have been recorded to be used by the Seljuks in different periods. Chapter 2: Iran Post Islamic Historical Flags and Emblems Regarding the Safavid understanding of the Lion and Sun motif, Shahbazi suggests that "the Safavids had reinterpreted the lion as symbolizing Imam ʿAlī and the sun as typifying the 'glory of religion', a substitute for the ancient farr-e dīn." This famous symbol of Persian Freedom and Independence was used during 238 BC - 651 AD. : You are free: to share – to copy, distribute and transmit the work; to remix – to adapt the work; Under the following conditions: attribution – You must give appropriate credit, provide a link to the license, and indicate if changes were made. Ancient Greek coins from the Persia, Achaemenid Kings, modern-day parts of western Asia. Transitional History and Scientific History. Third Pars (3rd Persian Empire) will and must become a reality. The Scientific History is the only way to research and study history in the 21st Century. Ismail I, the first Safavid king, designed a green flag with a golden full moon. Achaemenid Dynasty: 559 BC – 330 BC * Achaemenid Dynasty * Arsacid Dynasty * Sassanid Dynasty. Most important, is the fact that I look at the history as a scientific field, which needs to be upgraded by time. Sassanid Dynasty: 224 AD – 651 AD , During this period, the colours of the flag were very pale, with the red appearing closer to pink in practice. Derafsh kaviani with Jewels Pictures & specification of the flags of the world including Pantone colors . For more information about the Ring of Power read: Pictorial History of Iranian Military Uniforms: Chapter 5: Achaemenian Uniforms 4, Pictorial History of Iranian Military Uniforms: Chapter 12: Sassanian Uniforms 2, Persian Mythology, God, Goddesses and ……. We must deal with the Second AIOG (Arabo-Islamic Occupational Government) AKA IRI with unshakable determination and extreme prejudice. Aqa Mohammad Khan was the Last Persian Emperor. Ancient Aliens Ancient Egypt Alien Theories Cyrus The Great Epic Of Gilgamesh Achaemenid Ancient Near East Angel Art Archaeology. Cyrus the Great’s Achaemenian Battle Standard Jamshid was associated with the sun and Ali with the lion (from his epithet "Lion of God"). The Holy Sun is the symbol of light, fertility and intelligence. Modern Version of Faravahar Top Derafsh Kaviani Standard, Next Page A. Taşyürek, "Darstellungen des urartischen Gottes Haldi," in: S. Şahin, E. Schwertheim, J. Wagner (eds.). So, Iran, Persia and Pars are the same. The dynasty ended when Darius III died in his flight from Alexander the Great. Saved by Amir.Yazz. 2436; Sāmī, Nādir Shāh's Campaigns in 'Omān, 1737–1744 History is a scientific field which must be updated in accordance to the latest scientific, archeological, anthropological and historical discoveries. This is the second edition of my book with updated information and many new flags. This is why it is referred to as the “Darius Lion”. The First Imperial Era: 559 BC - 651 AD Since the crescent moon had been adopted as the dynastic (and ultimately national) emblem of the Ottoman sultans, who were the new sovereigns of Rum, the Safavids of Iran, needing to have a dynastic and national emblem of their own, chose the Lion and Sun motif. , Nader Shah consciously avoided the using the colour green, as green was associated with Shia Islam and the Safavid dynasty. Some interpret that Kaveh was Cyrus the Achaemenid and Zahak was Azhidahak (Astiyak) the Median King. Chapter 10: Islamic Republic of Iran (IRI) Flags and Insignias For more information about the Susa Civilization read: Susa is not Elam; Susians are not Elamites, Semites or Hemites. I do not write the “Transitional History” which transfers from generation to generation with a spice of a political twist in accordance to the theme of the rulers of the time! Football fan holding the Islamic Republic flag. Oldest trace of this emblem goes back to Shahanshah Artaxerxes II of Achaemenid Dynasty's (404 BC - 359 BC) Era during 4th Century BC. Please enjoy the research. , The Old Persian word for "banner, standard" was drafša- (Avestan drafša-, Middle Persian drafš, cognate with Sanskrit drapsá-). Sassanid Dynasty: 224 AD – 651 AD Persian Winged Bull is an ancient holy emblem of Iran. Chapter 4: Pahlavi Imperial Iranian Flags There were three variants of the flag in use. Attached to the lower edge were tassels of yellow, magenta, and scarlet, with large pendant jewels. The very first official “Imperial Flag” of Iran, the emblem of The Golden Eagle used by Cyrus I from 559 BC. , According to Herodotus (9.59), each Persian army division had its own standard, and "all officers had banners over their tents" (Xenophon, 8.5.13). In 1933, the colours of the flag were darkened and the design of the emblem was changed. Anahita (Ancient Persian Goddess) on Aryan Lion's back, holding a barsam, while Mitra (the Holy Sun Goddess) represented by the sun, shines behind her. Lion, Sun and Anahita Logo Before this period, there were Governors ruling Susa, not Shahs. Arsacid Dynasty: 238 BC – 224 AD After his reign the unworthy Shahs of Qajar caused the decline of the Persian Empire and its transformation to the Kingdom of Pars. The Kingdom Era: 728 BC - 559 BC 2. Achaemenid Dynasty: 559 BC – 330 BC The flag was destroyed by invading Muslim Arabs after their decisive defeat of the Sassanids. In 1524 Tahmasp I replaced the moon with an emblem of a sheep and sun; this flag was used until 1576. Ancient Civilizations Era: 6000 BC - 2000 BC Iran has 8000 years of history, oldest civilization on Earth. Maybe there really was a Kaveh and a Zahak back in Pre-Avesta Era; however, the only factual evidence tells us that the original Derafsh Kaviani dates back to Pre-Avesta Era. 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