[7], Relations between Isaac and John II were cordial at first, but began to deteriorate, so that by 1130 they had become estranged. Although his reign was brief, he was known for being a capable and militarily astute general and emperor. Isaac was noted for his erudition and his patronage of learning, and is considered the author of a number of scholarly and poetic works. Isaak I. Komnenos (mittelgriechisch Ἰσαάκιος Αʹ Κομνηνός; * um 1005; † 1061 in Konstantinopel) war von 1057 bis 1059 byzantinischer Kaiser. [14] It is likely, although no source mentions this, that the journey also had the purpose of seeking the aid of the King of Jerusalem, Fulk (r. (Byzanz); Isaak Komnenos (Sebastokrator) († 1102/1104), Bruder und Mitregent von Kaiser Alexios I. Isaak Komnenos (Sohn Alexios’ I. [1] As his father was reigning at the time, Isaac was a true porphyrogennetos,[2] a title that is consistently associated with him throughout his life. He is also notable for rebuilding the Chora Church in Constantinople, where his mosaic donor portrait survives to this day. His brief reign saw an attempt to restore the Byzantine … Außerdem sicherte er sich einen Anteil an den Einkünften der reichen Klöster, wobei er dem Vorwurf des Sakrilegs durch Michael I. Kerularios, den Patriarchen von Konstantinopel, durch eine Verbannungsverfügung zuvorkam. Isaak I. Komnenos, byzantinischer Kaiser 1057-1059, † 1061. The conspiracy was uncovered, but Isaac and his two sons managed to flee Constantinople and find refuge at the court of the Danishmendid emir Ghazi (r. 1104–1134) at Melitene. [32][33] Apart from his foundation of the Kosmosoteira monastery, in Constantinople he restored the monastery of St. Stephen in the quarter Aurelianae, which he later attached to the Kosmosoteira as a rest hostel for monks visiting the capital. Isaac I Komnenos is similar to these monarches: Alexios I Komnenos, Manuel I Komnenos, Theodore Komnenos Doukas and more. [9][11] From Melitene, Isaac went to Trebizond, whose governor, Constantine Gabras, had broken away from Byzantium in 1126 and was ruling the area of Chaldia as an independent prince. Isaac I (Isaac Comnenus) (ī`zək kŏmnē`nəs), c.1005–1061, Byzantine emperor (1057–59), first of the Comnenus dynasty.Proclaimed emperor by the army, he deposed Michael VI, who had succeeded Theodora (reigned 1055–56), and sent him into a monastery. Isaac had 3 siblings: Andronikus Comnenos , Maria Komnene and Manuel I Manolis I Byzantium . In 1130, Isaac and his sons fled to exile after becoming involved in a conspiracy against John. In 1139, after his oldest son defected to the Seljuk Turks, Isaac was exiled to Heraclea Pontica. Seine Scholia zur Ilias und andere Arbeiten zu den Gedichten Homers sind erhalten geblieben. 1050 – 1102/1104) was a notable Byzantine general in the 1070s and one of the major supporters of Byzantine Emperor Alexios I Komnenos (r. 1081–1118), who was his younger brother. This emphasis on his descent is very indicative of Isaac's perception of his status, and most likely represents a conscious choice; a legitimizing device for his imperial ambitions. [37] He also commissioned a number of icons, either mentioned in the typikon of the Kosmosoteira or known through the epigraphs associated with them. Isaac I Komnenos — Isaac I Komnenos Ισαάκιος A Κομνηνός Emperor of the Byzantine Empire Gold histamenon of Isaac I Komnenos Reign … Wikipedia. He was the son of Isaac Komnenos and the grandson of the emperor Alexios I. Daraufhin ernannte er Konstantin Dukas zu seinem Nachfolger, wobei er seinen eigenen Bruder Johannes, den Vater des späteren Kaisers Alexios I., und dessen Frau Anna Dalassene überging. However, the intervention of John Axouch, the commander-in-chief of the army, was decisive in securing the throne for Manuel. He was initially well received in Cilicia and spent some time there. During this time, he visited the Holy Land in pilgrimage, financing the construction of a new aqueduct for the Monastery of Saint John the Baptist near the Jordan River. Isaac I Comneno (c. 1005 - 1061) fue emperador bizantino de 1057 a 1059. Isaac Komnenos 1093 1152 Isaac Komnenos in Biographical Summaries of Notable People Isaac Komnenos was born on January 16 1093, in Constantinople, to Alexios I Komnenos and Irene Doukaina . his brief reign held the promise that Byzantium s (q.v.) [34][35], In c. 1120 he rebuilt the Chora Church, originally restored by his maternal grandmother, Maria Doukaina. Isaak Komnenos ist der Name folgender Personen: . By his wife Irene, he had several children:[3][4][5] John Komnenos, protosebastos and governor … The Chora was also the initial location of his tomb, before he had it transferred to the Kosmosoteira. [27], Isaac's imperial ambitions—an "ancestral inheritance passed to his children", according to Kinnamos[28]—were finally realized by his second son, Andronikos. [23] Isaac retired to his estates in Thrace, and in 1151/52, founded the cenobitic monastery of the Theotokos Kosmosoteira ("Theotokos the World-Saviour") at Bera (modern Feres). After a short while, however, they fell out with Leo too, and were forced to seek shelter with Sultan Mesud, abandoning their possessions in Cilicia. However, the rapid pace of his reforms alienated the civil bureaucracy, whose… Consequently, Manuel's succession was not immediately secure. Seine zweite galt der Wiederherstellung der Finanzkraft des Reiches. August 2020 um 17:20 Uhr bearbeitet. After overthrowing Michael VI (q.v.) During his brief reign he attempted to restore the depleted finances of the empire and the former strict organization of the government. from 1057 1059. Emperor (q.v.) His general Alexios Branas (q.v.) Er widerrief viele Pensionen und Beihilfen, die seine Vorgänger untätigen Höflingen gewährt hatten. [25][26] The typikon was also a kind of last will, where Isaac regulated the affairs of his household—the head of his retinue Leo Kastamonites, his secretary Michael, his cupbearer (pinkernes) Constantine, his personal priest and household treasurer (protovestiarios) Constantine, and others—his family, and other dependents, such as a Jewish couple that he had personally converted to Christianity, baptizing them with the names of his parents. As a result, Isaac's supporters in the empire began to desert his cause. Proclaimed emperor by his followers on 8 June 1057, he rallied sufficient military forces to defeat the loyalist army at a Battle of Hades. Isaac I Komnenos - Byzantine emperor in 1057 - 1059 he. Isaak I. Komnenos (1005–1061), byzantinischer Kaiser, siehe Isaak I. In 1150, weakened by the onset of an illness, he was forced to retire from public life by Manuel. Isaac I Komnenos (or Comnenus) (Greek: Ισαάκιος A' Κομνηνός, Isaakios I Komnēnos; c. 1007 – 1060/61) was Byzantine Emperor from 1057 to 1059, the first reigning member of the Komnenos dynasty. John II readily forgave his brother, and brought him to Constantinople; indeed, according to Choniates, the emperor was more pleased about this reconciliation than his victories. Isaac I Komnenos or Comnenus (Greek: Ἰσαάϰιος ὁ Κομνη­νός, Isaakios ho Komnēnos; c. 1007 – 1060) was Byzantine Emperor from 1057 to 1059, the first reigning member of the Komnenian dynasty. Isaaks erste Sorge war, seine adligen Verbündeten mit Ämtern zu versorgen, die sie von der Hauptstadt fernhalten würden. Isaac I Komnenos Isaac I Komnenos was the Byzantine emperor from 1057 to 1059 CE. He inherited a system that was close to total collapse. Born on 16 January 1093, Isaac Komnenos was the fifth child and third son of Byzantine Emperor Alexios I Komnenos (r. 1081–1118) and Empress Irene Doukaina. Isaac I Komnenos oder Comnenus ( griechisch: Ἰσαάκιος ὁ Κομνηνός, Isaakios ho Komnenos; c . [12] In the winter of 1130–1131, according to Michael the Syrian, Isaac met again with Gabras, and a league was created between Isaac, Ghazi and the Sultan of Rum, Mesud I (r. [3][4], Following the death of his uncle, Nikephoros Melissenos, in 1104, Isaac was given the rank of Caesar by his father. Isaaks großes Ziel war die Wiederherstellung der Organisation der Regierung und seine Reformen, obwohl unpopulär bei Adel und Klerus und vom Volk nicht verstanden, trugen sicher einiges dazu bei, den Untergang des byzantinischen Reiches eine Zeit lang aufzuhalten. 44 relations. Following the death of his uncle, Nikephoros Melissenos, in 1104, Isaac was given the rank of Caesar by his father. Isaac II Angelos — Emperor (q.v.) However, his campaign was cut short when Isaac's sympathizers in Constantinople tried to use the emperor's absence to stage a coup. [31], In contrast to John, who was chiefly engaged in warfare throughout his reign, Isaac was a scholar and patron of learning and the arts. repulsed William II … [1] Basileios ließ sie im Studionkloster sorgfältig erziehen und brachte sie danach in hohe Positionen. Isaac I Komnenos (or Comnenus) (Greek: Ισαάκιος A' Κομνηνός, Isaakios I Komnēnos; c. 1007 – 1060/61) wis Byzantine Emperor frae 1057 tae 1059, the first reignin member o the Komnenos dynasty. Manuel came to the notice of Basil II because of his defence, in 978, of Nicaea against the rebel Bardas Skleros. [4][5] The conferral of this highest court rank, created by Alexios I to honour his elder brother Isaac, marked its bearer as almost equal to the emperor. [13] Isaac then went to Armenian Cilicia to entice its lord, Leo I, into the league. During his brief reign he attempted to restore the depleted finances of the empire and the former strict organization of the government. In 1130, Isaac and his sons fled to exile after becoming involved in a conspiracy against John. namens Manuel Komnenos Erotikos, der auf seinem Sterbebett seine beiden Söhne Isaak und Johannes der Obhut des Kaisers anvertraute. Isaac, who had been living in relative comfort in Heraclea, was imprisoned on Axouch's orders. [21][22] Even then, Isaac did not abandon his ambitions; according to the contemporary John Kinnamos, during one of Manuel's first campaigns against the Turks in 1146, when news spread in the camp that the emperor, rushing into the fray, was surrounded by enemies, Isaac immediately sped to the imperial tent, ready to be proclaimed emperor. Born on 16 January 1093, Isaac Komnenos was the fifth child and third son of Byzantine Emperor Alexios I Komnenos (Template:Reign) and Empress Irene Doukaina. Obwohl Isaak wieder genas, nahm er den Purpur nicht wieder an sich, sondern zog sich in das Studionkloster zurück, wo er die verbleibenden zwei Jahre seines Lebens als Mönch verbrachte. [6] Nevertheless, throughout his life, in almost all surviving texts or artifacts authored or funded by Isaac, he is not known by his rank, but rather by the title of porphyrogennetos, which is often accompanied by an explicit reference to his father, Alexios I, rather than the reigning emperor, as was customary. 1007 - 1060) war byzantinischer Kaiser von 1057 bis 1059, der erste amtierende Mitglied der Komnenian Dynastie.. Der Sohn des allgemeinen Manuel Erotikos Komnenos, wurde er schon in jungen Jahren verwaist, und wurde unter der Obhut von Kaiser hebt Basil II. Isaac Komnenos or Comnenus (Greek: Ἰσαάκιος Κομνηνός, Isaakios Komnēnos; c. 1050 – 1102/1104) was a notable Byzantine aristocrat and military commander in the 1070s. Andronikos I Komnenos (Greek: Ανδρόνικος Αʹ Κομνηνός, Andrónikos I Komnēnós; c.1118– 12 September 1185), usually Latinized as Andronicus I Comnenus, was Byzantine Emperor from 1183 to 1185. Isaac probably died shortly after the typikon was written. Ancestors of Isaac Comnenus It is said that the family name was derived from the city of Komne, near Philippopolis in Thrace. Isaac was the son of Manuel Erotikos Komnenos, who reportedly served as strategos autokrator of the East under Emperor Basil II, and defended Nicaea against the rebel Bardas Skleros in 978. The son of the general Manuel Erotikos Komnenos, he was orphaned at an early age, and was raised under the care of Emperor Basil II. [4][36] The Chora Church contains the only securely attested depiction of Isaac, in a deesis mosaic that dates to the church's restoration by Theodore Metochites in the early 14th century, but which most likely faithfully reproduces the original decoration of the church after Isaac's reconstruction. 1007 g. + 31 May 1060 (or 1061) d. * * * Isaac belonged to the rich and famous old Comneni. app. For several years, they wandered in Asia Minor and the Levant, trying to gain support from the local rulers, but ultimately in vain. Isaac I Komnenos: | | | Isaac I Komnenos| Ισαάκιος A' Κομνηνός | | ... World Heritage Encyclopedia, the aggregation of the largest online encyclopedias available, and the … For several years, they wandered in Asia Minor and the Levant, trying to gain support from the local rulers, but ulti [15] Thus Isaac was forced to seek reconciliation with his brother: along with his eldest son John, Isaac met his brother during the imperial army's return from Antioch in spring 1138. [46] Their children were: In addition, Isaac had a foster son, Constantine, whom he called by the diminutive Kostintzes. Isaac Alexios Komnenos was born in 1113, in Constantinople, Turkey, to Ioannes Ioannes II Emperor of Byzantium, Kaloïōannēs Komnenos and Empress Piroska Saint Irene Xeni Hungary. In return, John II raised Isaac to the rank of sebastokrator (already borne by their middle brother, Andronikos). Isaac Komnenos or Comnenus was the third son of Byzantine Emperor Alexios I Komnenos and Empress Irene Doukaina. Isaac had 2 siblings: Anna Komnene and John II Komnenos . Isaac Komnenos or Comnenus (Greek: Ἰσαάκιος Κομνηνός, ca. Fue el primer emperador de la dinastía Comneno. Diese Seite wurde zuletzt am 11. 1089–1125). [13], According to Michael the Syrian, news of these machinations enraged John II, who in 1132 embarked on a campaign against both the Turks and the Armenians, capturing two fortresses on the shores of the Black Sea. Während der Regierung von Basileios’ sieben unmittelbaren Nachfolgern gewann Isaak durch sein kluges Handeln das Vertrauen der Armee, so dass er sich 1057 mit dem Adel der Hauptstadt Konstantinopel gegen den Kaiser Michael VI. He was the son of Basil II when the military leader Manuel I Comnenus, and he was considered one … [16] Soon after, in 1139, Isaac's son John again defected to the Turks. Isaac Comnenos, the only Emperor of Cyprus Isaac Komnenos or Comnenus (c. 1155 – 1195/1196), ruled Cyprus from 1184 to 1191, before Richard the Lionheart, King of England conquered the island during the Third Crusade. Possibly in imitation to his brother's foundation of the Pantokrator Monastery, he also ordered the erection of a hospital outside the monastery walls. Isaac I Komnenos or Comnenus (Greek: Ἰσαάϰιος Κομνη­νός, Isaakios Komnēnos; c. 1007 – 1060) was Byzantine Emperor from 1057 to 1059, the first reigning member of the Komnenian dynasty.. Κέντρο Βυζαντινών Ερευνών – ΑΠΘ, Θεσσαλονίκη, Biographisch-Bibliographisches Kirchenlexikon, Artikel/Artikelanfang im Internet-Archive, https://de.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Isaak_I._(Byzanz)&oldid=202692628, „Creative Commons Attribution/Share Alike“. Isaak war der Sohn eines Offiziers des Kaisers Basileios II. He attempted much-needed reforms, but also stirred up much opposition within the aristocracy, and under the impact of the Norman invasion of 1185, he was overthrown and killed, marking the end of the Komnenian dynasty on the Byzantine throne. [38], The court poet Theodore Prodromos wrote an encomium and a eulogy in hexameter for Isaac, where he praises his erudition and talent. Leben Als Kaiser Michael VI. Nach dessen Absetzung wurde er zum Kaiser gekrönt und gründete die Dynastie der Komnenen. [4][39] Isaac is identified as the author of a paraphrase of the Letter of Aristeas in politic verse, preserved in the Seraglio Octateuch, and as the likely patron of this luxurious manuscript. Kurz nach dem erfolgreichen Feldzug wurde er von einer Krankheit befallen, die er für tödlich hielt. [4][40][41] In the typikon, Isaac himself claims to have composed poetry and compiled it in a book,[4][42] and is sometimes identified with the writer called "Isaac Komnenos the porphyrogennetos" who composed two commentary works on Homer.[43]. [4][17], Shortly before John II died in April 1143, he had designated his fourth and youngest son Manuel as his heir over his third (and oldest surviving) son, the sebastokrator Isaac. Isaac Komnenos was married c. 1110 to Irene,[44] who may have been either the anonymous daughter of Volodar of Peremyshl (r. 1085–1124), known from the Slavonic Primary Chronicle to have married "the son of Emperor Alexios",[45] or, according to a different hypothesis, Kata, a daughter of David IV of Georgia (r. As his father was reigning at the time, Isaac was a true porphyrogennetos,a title that is consistently associated with him throughout his life. His eldest son John even married one of Leo's daughters, and received the cities of Mopsuestia and Adana as her dowry. Isaac I Comnenus, (born c. 1005—died c. 1061, Constantinople, Byzantine Empire [now Istanbul, Turkey]), Byzantine emperor who restored economic stability at home and built up the neglected military defenses of the empire. His younger son Andronikos I Komnenos eventually managed to realize Isaac's ambitions, becoming emperor in 1183–1185, the last of the Komnenian dynasty. During the struggle for John's succession in 1143, he supported the unsuccessful candidacy of his elder nephew, likewise named Isaac, over his younger nephew Manuel I Komnenos. Isaac I Komnenos (or Comnenus) (Greek: Ισαάκιος A' Κομνηνός, Isaakios I Komnēnos; c. 1007 – 1060/61) was Byzantine Emperor from 1057 to 1059, the first reigning member of the Komnenos dynasty. Genus. Τόμος Α'. Isaac Komnenos or Comnenus (Greek: Ἰσαάκιος Κομνηνός, romanized: Isaakios Komnēnos; 16 January 1093 – after 1152) was the third son of Byzantine Emperor Alexios I Komnenos and Empress Irene Doukaina. Life Isaac I Komnenos (or Comnenus) (Greek: Ισαάκιος A' Κομνηνός, Isaakios I Komnēnos) (c. 1007 [1] – 1061) was Byzantine Emperor from 1057 to 1059, and the first reigning member of the Komnenos dynasty. Charismatic and capable, but also ruthless and violent, he overthrew Manuel I's Empress-dowager and regent, Maria of Antioch, in 1182, and in the next year deposed and killed her son, Alexios II Komnenos (r. 1180–1183). [23][24], After 1150, Manuel forced his uncle to retire from public affairs,[4] a decision perhaps connected to a chronic illness that is first mentioned at the time. [1] During the succession struggle that followed the death of his father in 1118, Isaac supported his elder brother John II Komnenos (r. 1118–1143) against the intrigues of Empress-dowager Irene and their sister Anna Komnene, who favoured the candidacy of Anna's husband, Nikephoros Bryennios the Younger. [18][19] In this struggle for the throne, the elder Isaac threw his support behind his nephew. verbünden konnte. Alexios created the title of sebastokrator for Isaac. military power might be restored. Isaac I Komnenos (or Comnenus) (Ισαάκιος A' Κομνηνός, Isaakios I Komnēnos; c. 1007 – 1060/61) was Byzantine Emperor from 1057 to 1059, the first reigning member of the Komnenos dynasty. Isaac I Komnenos was crowned Emperor of the Romans on September 1, 1057. Ελέγξτε τις μεταφράσεις του ""Isaac I Komnenos"" στα Ελληνικά. Because Isaac Komnenos failed to return to imperial service, Byzantine emperor Andronikos I Komnenos ordered Constantine Makrodoukas and Andronikos Doukas arrested for treason, although Constantine theretofore loyally supported the emperor. Pages in category "Isaakios I Komnenos" This category contains only the following page. John's military successes forced Isaac to seek a reconciliation with his brother in 1138, although he did not give up his designs on the throne. [8], Isaac remained in exile for six years, during which time he traversed most of Asia Minor and the Levant, seeking to create a broad alliance with other rulers, both Christian and Muslim, against his brother. Either at that point or a little later, Isaac was banished as a precaution to Heraclea Pontica. from 1185 1195, and again from 1203 1204. He was raised to the high rank of sebastokrator by his older brother John II Komnenos in reward for his support, but they later fell out, as Isaac began to covet the throne. The construction of the monastery, which was meant as his residence and final resting place, was of great emotional importance to Isaac, who invested considerable time and effort in it: although heavily ill at the time, he still went and supervised the monastery's construction almost daily, and personally authored its typikon (charter) in 1152, making meticulous provisions about its governance and assigning extensive grants to it, including his own estates at Ainos. The main sources for this period of his life are Choniates, the court poet Theodore Prodromos, and Michael the Syrian. As historian Kallirroe Linardatou points out, in the mosaic, Isaac bears a crown that exceeds the simple circlet usually borne by a sebastokrator by being richly decorated and featuring a domed cover, deliberately hinting at imperial attributes. [8][9] Possibly the onset of the rift between the brothers was in 1122, when John raised his own firstborn son, Alexios, to co-emperor, thus superseding Isaac. [15], Despite his efforts, Isaac's attempted coalition failed to materialize, while John II's position continued to improve. Isaac I Komnenos or Comnenus Byzantine Emperor from 1057 to 1059, the first reigning portion of the Komnenian dynasty. “Isaac I Komnenos” The following resources provide additional information about the resource described by this document ( foaf:isPrimaryTopicOf): Isaac I Komnenos in Wikipedia A collaboratively written encyclopedia article about the Roman emperor Isaac I Komnenos. 1116–1156). Isaac I Komnenos (or Comnenus) (Greek: Ισαάκιος A' Κομνηνός, Isaakios I Komnēnos; c. 1007 – 1060/61) wis Byzantine Emperor frae 1057 tae 1059, the first reignin member o the Komnenos dynasty. [44], Return to Byzantium and accession of Manuel I, "Imperial impersonations: Disguised portraits of a Komnenian prince and his father", Centre for Byzantine Studies, University of Thessaloniki, Theodora Megale Komnene ("Despina Khatun"), https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Isaac_Komnenos_(son_of_Alexios_I)&oldid=995062428, Short description is different from Wikidata, Instances of Lang-el using second unnamed parameter, Wikipedia articles with SELIBR identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SUDOC identifiers, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 19 December 2020, at 00:56.

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